- FEBRUARY 2018 -


Apulia is the seventh largest region in Italy as far as regards both its extension and the number of inhabitants. It is washed to the north and the east by the Adriatic Sea and to the south by the Ionian. It borders on Basilicata, Campania e Molise. Apulia, its English name (“Puglia” in Italian), is the same as the Romans used to define the territory washed by the Adriatic Sea and enclosed between the course of the river Biferno and the Messapic isthmus.
Apulia is homogeneous from a geological and morphological point of view; it is set mainly on an extensive calcareous table and even the more elevated inland areas are flat, so, apart from a few exceptions, the landscape is never rugged. The superficial hydrography is very limited, whereas the deep-lying hydrography is remarkable and has caused some impressive karst formations (grottos and dolinas).
The climate is typical of the Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters; the vegetation is influenced by these climactic conditions: evergreen forests predominate, with mediterranean maquis on the coasts and deciduous trees inland.
Apulia is a region which has been colonized since ancient times; a crossroads for many peoples. There were several important towns here during the epochs of Ancient Greece, the Normans and the Bourbons and thanks to the contact with these cultures, this region now represents a fusion of aspects which are not only of artistic interest, but also merit the attention of anyone who is interested in folk traditions and linguistics.